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n. any of a group of drugs with hallucinogenic effects and a common basic chemical structure. The prototype is mescaline, an alkaloid first isolated from the peyote cactus in 1896. Mescaline is one of the least potent of the hallucinogens, but potency is increased by adding methyl groups to the basic molecule, thereby creating substituted phenylethylamines. The latter include the amphetamine derivatives DOM, MDA, and MDMA. See also phenylalkylamine.

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Psychology term of the day

May 21st 2024



n. in the analytic psychology of Carl Jung, the public face an individual presents to the outside world, in contrast to more deeply rooted and authentic personality characteristics. This sense has now passed into popular usage. The term is taken from the mask worn by actors in Roman antiquity.