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conscious mentalism

any theory that posits the reality of purely mental phenomena, such as thinking, feeling, desiring, preferring, and (particularly) intention, holding that these mental phenomena are the chief causes of behavior and that they are available to the conscious mind. The rise of behaviorism was largely a reaction against mentalism as an explanation for behavior. Although most forms of conscious mentalism hold that mental phenomena have a nonmaterial existence, some recent mentalistic positions have been materialistic, accepting that mental states and processes have their origin in physical states and processes. Compare eliminativism; epiphenomenalism; reductionism.

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Psychology term of the day

April 17th 2024

axial gradient

axial gradient

the difference in development or metabolic rate of tissues along a body axis. See also anterior–posterior development gradient.