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bereavement exclusion

in DSM–IV–TR, a statement that rules out, as symptoms of a major depressive episode, an individual’s responses to the death of a loved one (e.g., sadness) unless they last longer than 2 months after the death, markedly impair function, or are accompanied by such symptoms as suicidal ideation. DSM–5 has replaced this exclusion with a broader statement that characterizes an individual’s normal responses to various types of significant loss (e.g., bereavement, financial ruin, disability) as nonetheless meriting careful clinical consideration of the possibility that they may co-occur with a major depressive episode. See also persistent complex bereavement disorder.

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Psychology term of the day

May 21st 2024

chronic pain

chronic pain

pain that continues to occur despite all medical and pharmacological efforts at treatment. In many cases, the pain is initially caused by tissue damage or disease. The continuation of the pain is often the result of pathological changes in the central nervous system.