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within-subjects factor

the independent variable under study in a within-subjects analysis of variance. This variable has multiple levels to which each participant is exposed. For example, if a researcher is interested in job performance differences as a function of work shift length (e.g., 8 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours) and has each participant work each shift length during the study, then work shift length is a within-subjects factor. Also called within-subjects variable.

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Psychology term of the day

June 19th 2024

picture superiority effect

picture superiority effect

the tendency for a picture or drawing to be remembered better than the name of the pictured object. For example, people are more likely to remember “dog” if they see a drawing of a dog than if they see the word dog.