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visual–spatial ability

the ability to comprehend and conceptualize visual representations and spatial relationships in learning and in the performance of tasks such as reading maps, navigating mazes, conceptualizing objects in space from different perspectives, and executing various geometric operations. Beginning in adolescence, males, on average, show a definite superiority in certain aspects of visual–spatial ability, whereas females, on average, display superiority in certain aspects of verbal ability.

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Psychology term of the day

June 19th 2024

cautious shift

cautious shift

a choice shift in which an individual making a decision as part of a group adopts a more cautious approach than the same individual would have adopted had he or she made the decision alone. Studies suggest that such shifts are (a) rarer than the opposite risky shift and (b) most likely to occur when the majority of the members of the group, prior to discussion, favor a cautious rather than a risky choice. See also group polarization.