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1. substitutive or second-hand: applied, for example, to the satisfaction obtained by viewing the experiences of others in television programs. It is widely believed that human conditioning of fear responses can occur through vicarious means and that gratification of needs can be partially accomplished through watching the actions of others. See also observational learning.

2. occurring when one organ performs part of the functions normally performed by another.

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Psychology term of the day

June 19th 2024

social services

social services

1. services provided by government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to improve the social welfare of those in need, including people with low income, illness, or disability; older adults; and children. Services might include health care, insurance, subsidized housing, food subsidies, and the like.

2. government services to improve standards of living for all citizens, including services such as roads and public transportation, clean water, electricity, telecommunications, and public health institutions.