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valence

n.

1. in the field theory of Kurt Lewin, the subjective value of an event, object, person, or other entity in the life space of the individual. An entity that attracts the individual has positive valence, whereas one that repels has negative valence.

2. in certain theories of motivation, the anticipated satisfaction of attaining a particular goal or outcome.

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Psychology term of the day

June 19th 2024

cautious shift

cautious shift

a choice shift in which an individual making a decision as part of a group adopts a more cautious approach than the same individual would have adopted had he or she made the decision alone. Studies suggest that such shifts are (a) rarer than the opposite risky shift and (b) most likely to occur when the majority of the members of the group, prior to discussion, favor a cautious rather than a risky choice. See also group polarization.