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jury nullification

a jury’s decision to exonerate a defendant who has clearly committed a criminal act. This can occur when the members of the jury believe that to find the defendant guilty would be unfair or unjust or would demand a sentence (e.g., death penalty) with which the jurors do not wish to be associated.

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Psychology term of the day

June 18th 2024

structured observation

structured observation

a systematic method of collecting behavioral data within a controlled environment, often used in research with infants and young children, in which observers measure overt actions and interpersonal processes. In structured observation, researchers (a) select which behaviors are of interest and which are not, (b) clearly define the characteristics of each behavior so that observers all agree on the classification, and (c) note the occurrence and frequency of these targeted behaviors in the situation under analysis. Interaction process analysis and SYMLOG are examples. Structured observation differs from naturalistic observation, which involves observing individuals in their own environments outside of the laboratory.