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genotype–environment effects

the effects of genetic constitution on experience, based on the proposal that an individual’s genotype influences which environments he or she encounters and the type of experiences he or she has. Three types of genotype–environment effects are proposed: passive (through environments provided by biologically related parents); evocative (through responses elicited by individuals from others); and active (through the selection of different environments by different individuals). [proposed in 1983 by U.S. psychologists Sandra Scarr (1936–  ) and Kathleen McCartney (1955–  )]

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Psychology term of the day

May 26th 2024



n. a drug that is used to reduce physiological and subjective symptoms of anxiety. In the past, distinctions were made between so-called major tranquilizers (antipsychotics) and minor tranquilizers (anxiolytics; e.g., benzodiazepines).