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general medical condition

in DSM–IV–TR, a disorder that has known physical causes and observable psychopathology. Examples include hypertension and diabetes. The equivalent term in DSM–5 is another medical condition. Thus, for example, the DSM–5 diagnosis for a patient who experiences significant anxiety symptoms (e.g., panic attacks) as a consequence of having a neurological disorder (e.g., Parkinson’s disease) would be “anxiety disorder due to another medical condition.”

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Psychology term of the day

May 21st 2024

attachment theory

attachment theory

a theory that (a) postulates an evolutionarily advantageous need, especially in primates, to form close emotional bonds with significant others: specifically, a need for the young to maintain close proximity to and form bonds with their caregivers; and (b) characterizes the different types of relationships between human infants and caregivers. These relationships have been shown to affect the individual’s later emotional development and emotional stability. See also insecure attachment; secure attachment; Strange Situation. [originally developed by John Bowlby and later expanded by Mary D. Salter Ainsworth]