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experiential psychotherapy

a broad family of psychotherapies originating in the 1950s and 1960s and falling under the umbrella of existential–humanistic psychology. A core belief of the approach is that true client change occurs through direct, active “experiencing” of what the client is undergoing and feeling at any given point in therapy, both on the surface and at a deeper level. Experiential therapists typically engage clients very directly with regard to accessing and expressing their inner feelings and experiencing both present and past life scenes, and they offer clients perspectives for integrating such experiences into realistic and healthy self-concepts. Experiential psychotherapy has its antecedents in the work of U.S. psychiatrists Carl A. Whitaker (1912–1995) and Thomas P. Malone (d. 2000), Austrian-born U.S. psychologist Carl Rogers, U.S. philosopher and psychologist Eugene T. Gendlin (1926–  ), and others.

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Psychology term of the day

February 27th 2024

empirically keyed test

empirically keyed test

an assessment in which answers are scored in such a way as to establish differences in responses among groups already known to differ. For example, on a test measuring problem solving, the correct alternative among the response choices would be the one preferred by members of a criterion group who were administered the test previously. See also empirical-criterion keying.