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error sum of squares

the difference between a score and the mean score, multiplied by this same difference. It is part of the denominator of the F ratio in an analysis of variance and represents the amount of variation in the dependent variable that cannot be explained by the independent variables. Also called residual sum of squares; sum of squared errors (SSE). Compare regression sum of squares.

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Psychology term of the day

February 24th 2024

preconscious thinking

preconscious thinking

1. the pictorial, magical, fantasy thinking of children that precedes the development of logical thinking. [introduced in 1938 by Austrian psychoanalyst Otto Fenichel (1897–1946)]

2. in psychoanalytic theory, thinking that takes place at the level of the preconscious. Preconscious thinking has sometimes been cited to explain apparently unconscious, intuitive thought processes, as well as certain kinds of creative leaps and insights.