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emotional intelligence

a type of intelligence that involves the ability to process emotional information and use it in reasoning and other cognitive activities, proposed by U.S. psychologists Peter Salovey (1958–  ) and John D. Mayer (1953–  ). According to Mayer and Salovey’s 1997 model, it comprises four abilities: to perceive and appraise emotions accurately; to access and evoke emotions when they facilitate cognition; to comprehend emotional language and make use of emotional information; and to regulate one’s own and others’ emotions to promote growth and well-being. Their ideas were popularized in a best-selling book by U.S. psychologist and science journalist Daniel J. Goleman (1946–  ), who also altered the definition to include many personality variables.

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Psychology term of the day

February 26th 2024



n. red–green color blindness in which the deficiency is due to absence of the cone photopigment sensitive to green light, resulting in loss of green sensitivity and confusion between red and green (see dichromatism). The condition may be unilateral (i.e., color vision may be normal in one eye). See also protanopia.