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egocentric predicament

a problematic condition arising from the assumption that each person’s experience is essentially private. The problem is commonly expressed in terms of one or more of the following propositions: (a) It is difficult to explain how any person could know anything about another person’s experience; (b) it is likewise difficult to understand how general knowledge of the external world is possible apart from one’s individual experience; and (c) given that experience is essentially private, it is difficult to understand how genuine communication between two people might be possible, since both the content and symbols of any communication will be similarly private. The egocentric predicament is often said to be an unavoidable consequence of the Cartesian self. See also solipsism.

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Psychology term of the day

June 16th 2024

sexual aversion disorder

sexual aversion disorder

in DSM–IV–TR, negative emotional reactions (e.g., anxiety, fear, disgust) to sexual activity, leading to active avoidance of it and causing distress in the individual or his or her partner. This can be lifelong or acquired, and although it usually applies to all sexual activity (generalized type), it may be specific to some activities or some partners (situational type). This aversion is not caused by a medical condition, a medication, or a drug side effect. DSM–5 has eliminated this diagnosis with the explanation that it is rarely used and not supported by research.